Julius Sterling Morton (April 22, 1832 – April 27, 1902) founded Arbor Day in 1872. He served as President Grover Cleveland's Secretary of Agriculture. He was also the editor of The Conservative, a Nebraska weekly newspaper covering political, economic, and sociological issues.
New York's Easter Parade began as a religious and fashion spectacular in the 1880's, conceived in New York's ornate Gothic churches such as St. Patrick's Cathedral, Trinity Episcopal Church, and St. Thomas' Episcopal Church. In the nineteenth century, the sanctuaries of these churches were decorated in abundance with Easter flowers, which inspired church members to … Continue reading The Easter Parade on Fifth Avenue
Next year will mark 40 years since New York officials declared a State of Emergency in Love Canal amid an environmental crisis less than a mile from the majestic Niagara Falls. The Environmental Protection Agency has called the situation in Love Canal "one of the most appalling environmental tragedies in American history." It was August 1978 … Continue reading Love Canal Disaster
After World War II, the United States entered into a frenzied period of demolition and clearance in the name of “Urban Renewal.” The policy was to clear a district of all slums at once in order to present large sites which would attract private developers. The term "urban renewal" originates from the Housing Act of … Continue reading Urban Renewal: The Rush to Clear
As the popularity of the automobile grew in America, so did a desire for many for bigger, faster, more direct roads. The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1938 In the late 1930s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt expressed interest in construction of a network of three east-west and three north-south super-highways as a means of putting people … Continue reading The Federal-Aid Highway Acts
The Brooklyn-Queens Expressway is not your typical expressway. It bends its way through Brooklyn and Queens like a snake, burrowing and then rising and sometimes even hiding below the landscape. Driving along the BQE, rows of 19th Century housing and large warehouses pass by below on stretches of elevated highway. And as it cuts deep through … Continue reading The Building of the BQE
For two summers, visitors to the 1964-65 World’s Fair in Flushing Meadows, Queens, celebrated the dawn of the space age and technology that would come to change the American experience. Opening day was April 22, 1964 and the fair brought enthusiasm to a nation still reeling from the assassination of President Kennedy five months earlier. … Continue reading 1964-1965 World’s Fair, Flushing Meadows, Queens